Buildings as screens
Strategically located buildings can be used as less obvious, yet effective, noise screens, also in combination with conventional screens. Besides the height of the buildings, the shape, location and materials applied in the building are important1. If the buildings are intended for housing, care needs to be taken to avoid sleep disturbance2. Noise exposure on one side of the building can be compensated for to some extent by a quiet façade where bedrooms can be located3.
1Hellström, B., Torehammar, C., Malm, P. & Grundfelt, G. Stadens Ljud – Akustisk design & hållbar stadsutveckling [City Sounds – Acoustic design and sustainable development]. Stockholm: Exploateringskontoret, 2013.
2FHWA. The Audible Landscape: A Manual for Highway noise and land use. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Federal Highway Administration, 1976.
3de Kluizenaar, Y., Salomons, E.M., Janssen, S.A., van Lenthe, F.J., Vos, H., Zhou, H., Miedema, H.M. & Mackenbach, J.P. Urban road traffic noise and annoyance: the effect of a quiet façade. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130(4), 2011, pp. 1936-1942.