Everyday maintenance of outdoor space can have negative influences on the soundscape, particularly through use of machines with combustion engines. Maintenance can be considered by landscape architects in maintenance plans, but also in design solutions1. For instance, a meadow is less likely to result in noisy maintenance activities than a mown lawn. Maintenance may contribute qualities in the soundscape, as when hand-driven tools are used or when animals are involved.
1Cerwén, G..Fridfulla ljudlandskap? [Tranquil soundscapes?]. Tidskriften Stad. Alnarp: Movium, 2017.